Cities are made of streets

RagusaIblaLR.jpg

Ragusa Ibla, Italy 2013 ©Laura Ferrarello

Different kinds of factors – like economy, climate change, career opportunities, education, etc. – transformed contemporary cities in megacities. The freedom we achieved last century through cars transformed dense urban agglomerates into spreads of houses that blurred the border between the “inside” and “outside” of our cities. Concrete have been poured horizontally, thus transforming the environment. Cities like Los Angeles are no longer an anomaly; LA, indeed, became model for those contemporary cities that need to cope with the problem of scale, and how it does impact the quality of everyday life. Public transportation is on the agenda of LA mayor Garcetti, who is tackling the problem of mobility through infrastructure improvement. You can travel to Downtown by taking the Metro from Culver City, which will be soon extented to Santa Monica.

Nonetheless I don’t believe that infrastructure only can help with improving the everyday of our cities. I grew up in the fringe of a small city in southern Italy, Enna. The contrast between historical centre and suburbia was, and still it is, quite clear for the possibility of moving around. Once at the centre car is pointless – although people use it for habit. You can reach the extreme parts of the city by walking for 20 minutes max. Once out of the centre distances are still small, but car is the most used means of transportation. What is the reason? Shops. The centre is a sequence of small and medium size businesses that crowd the streets and make them alive. Daily groceries can be moved on small trolleys; you can go for shopping, taking a coffee or a drink with friends in 5- 10 minutes. The fringe is a no-place. Old style urbanism, and bad administration of public space, affected the quality of urban extensions. Cars crowds the small pedestrians looking for small spots to park the car. No many shops around. When I walk I look like a weirdo. Paradoxically I can compare this small city to LA. Completely different scales. Mobility culture quite similar.

Everyday we witness more and more problems with health, which causes have many factors; mobility is on top of the list. Our bodies have been designed to move; we need to balance the quantity of energy we feed our body with. Nonetheless the design of the streets has a tendency to detach housing with services; it makes cars the most used medium to reach even the basics – like water, milk, bread. I find quite interesting some current urban studies that look at the relationship people have with “mobile” food, i.e. food that happens on the streets. Food truck journeys have been analysed in LA and Washington DC. The geo location of Twitter data revealed that food trucks cover badly served areas. Location became the litmus paper of low service areas.  However the network of food trucks increased the presence of people on pedestrians. This article from The Guardian Cities describes the relation between mobility and diabetes. Bad quality food and time spent on cars are key factors that need to be tackled to think a solution.

Scale is not a problem that concerns the territory as whole; micro scale at the local dimension can trigger solutions. If our streets get more crowds of “stuff” – shops, grocery, cafes, etc –  which distance is perceived manageable, it would possibly make people walk. Possibility it would be a nice experient to try out.

 

 

 

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